(6) Farming/Shipping/Timber

The Colonial industry was related to the region’s agricultural production, forest resources, and maritime needs. Practically everything that was shipped needed a barrel, box, or basket as a container, coopers, and other craftsmen were prevalent throughout the Albemarle. Blacksmiths were critical for the making of wagons, wheels, construction hardware including nails, and shoeing horses. Saw and grist mills were required for sawing lumber, and turning grain into meal---although most farms had small hand-turned quirns for cracking corn as feed for animals. Most of the region’s eastern and southern counties did not have sufficient change in elevation to allow dam construction that would provide enough power to operate mills efficiently. In these counties, windmills were constructed to power milling facilities.